III. CD-ROM "READING THE ETHICS OF SPINOZA" :A. INTRODUCING THE CD-ROMIV. HOW TO PURCHASE THE CD-ROM
B. OVERVIEW OF THE CD-ROM- Welcome Page
- "Reading the Ethics" window
- Documents available
- Different types of jumps
- Displaying a document
- Single or double display mode
- Single-Level or Cascaded Jumps
- Synchronizing documents (left/right)
- Search function
- Magnifying Text
- History function
- Statistical function
- Annotation function
- Printing function
Back to the Welcome page **Display this page in French **Contact Phronésis
The CD-ROMs created by Phronésis are hypertext tools intended for the reading of literary and philosophical works. Phronésis considers that a great number of texts which have long been viewed as abstruse and unreadable are in fact carrying in embryo there own hypertext development. The processing tool brings to the fore the intricate structure of the text (without ever exhausting its possibilities) and lays it out in directly accessible and visualized ramifications. The text is neither simplified nor impoverished ; its potentialities are given concrete expression as the reader follows up significant connections through its dense, organic matter. We do not mean that such texts would be any less interesting without computerized processing, but just that the search tool can both make their reading easier and disinstitutionalize their access, opening them up to a larger audience.
In short, far from considering that books are dead, we aim at putting multimedia development at their service. Although the touch and feel of a book is lost on the screen, we are convinced that this kind of multimedia publishing is invaluable and we hope to reach all those who still like to immerse themselves in books.
As new products become available, Phronésis will announce and present its new CD-ROMs created with "Daedalus". Any suggestion, information or proposal is welcome ; it will be a precious help for developing a multimedia publishing network concerned with combining a critical forum with the defence of books.
The CD-ROM "Reading the Ethics" is an original creation of Phronésis based on the hypertext tool "Daedalus".
"Daedalus" is an exclusivity of Phronésis that has been developped using Media View Library (Microsoft).
This hypertext tool combines an history of the course, jumps at n levels, statistical files, a synchronized double display, pedagogical notes and annotation functions.
Functionalities of DAEDALUS:
The functionalities (interface) of DAEDALUS are available both in
French and in English.
3) Requirements: PC Windows 3.1/Windows 95
- single and double-display function
- in double-display mode, possibility to synchronize at any moment
both texts according to the document displayed on the left or on
the right side.
- in double-display mode, synchronized scrolling function
- in double-display mode, possibility to scroll through the text
displayed on the right side independently
- multi-level jumps and tree structures automatically recorded
in the history
- memorization of the segments from which users call the jumps
- history of the user's course through the Ethics with the possibility
of resuming a session exactly where you left off
- possibility to resume a history or to branch off from a tree-
structure (new courses being recorded in the history as well)
- possibility to jump from a statistical file to a version, at the
location of the indexed word ; all occurrences of the word are
highlighted and the user may scroll through the text from one
occurrence to the next one (see search function)
- possibility to jump from the history to a version or to a jump in a
version (at any level)
- full-search function (words or phrases with indication of the
number of occurrences, highlighting of each occurrence and
possibility to scroll through the text from one occurrence to the
- annotation function (possibility to annotate any argumentative
segment of the Ethics and to jump back from the annotation to
the annotated segment in the text)
- print function (possibility at any moment to print the contents of
the screen, including displayed jumps, printing of annotations,
printing of the history)
- sound jumps (only for propositions in the Guérinot version)
- help available at all stages (in English for the English interface)
III. CD-ROM "READING THE ETHICS OF SPINOZA"
This CD-ROM has been conceived by a small team of professors from the hypertext tool DAEDALUS, which is an exclusivity of PHRONESIS.
A. INTRODUCING THE CD-ROM
"Let there be no misunderstanding as to the purpose and contents of this CD-ROM. There is no secret, no "hinterworld" of the Ethics, that images might undertake to reveal. Indeed, our aim is merely to send the reader back to the text and let it evince its own inexhaustible potentialities via the the computing tool. If, as Plato indicated in Phaedra, the fate of any writing was to become a dead letter, how could we aim higher than at bearing witness to a book's life ? A book indeed, whose geometrical structure alone might justify such an attempt at uncovering and displaying its complexities. That is why you will find no comment, no explanation here, but the reference edition of the text itself together with some of its French and English versions, and a suggestion of a few tracks users might wish to explore. All directions will point one way, to the letter and the spirit of the Ethics. Users will be constantly in a position to print on paper what appears on the screen, as well as their progress through the Ethics."
B. OVERVIEW OF THE CD-ROM
WELCOME PAGE OF "READING THE ETHICS" (ENGLISH VERSION)
The Welcome Page of "Reading the Ethics" is displayed at the end of the credits' pages and enables the user to access the French and English versions of the CD-ROM, to print the versions, to open the Help system or to quit the CD-ROM. This page includes one medallion of Spinoza with five buttons representing a "Caute" that give access to the different functions of the CD-ROM.
From the Welcome Page, you can choose between a French and an English version of "Reading the Ethics". The French version is selected by default at the end of the credits' page, but you always have the possibility to access the English version of "Daedalus" using the "Caute" button labelled "Reading the Ethics". This button opens the English Welcome Page with all commands in English.
You then have access to the English interface of the CD-ROM (help, commands, etc.). Of course, the French versions of the Ethics and the texts written by the pedagogical team remain in French. But the Help and all commands are available in English.
"READING THE ETHICS" WINDOW
DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE IN "READING THE ETHICS"
Five versions of the Ethics are available on the CD-ROM:BOULAINVILLIERS* : First french version, 18th century, introduced in 1907 by Colonna d'IstriaPedagogical version:
ELWES* : English version, 1883
GEBHARDT : Latin text of reference, 1924
GUERINOT : French version, 1930
SAISSET* : French version, 1842
(* Versions fallen in the public domain fully available for printing)This version includes notes from the Phronésis team about the vocabulary used in the Ethics. Built up from th Guérinot version, the pedagogical version includes additional jumps to notes intended to highlight some major potential misinterpretations. These notes written by the pedagogical team should not be considered as definitions or exegesis points (click on the "Caute" at the beginning of the document or on the red point in the non-scrolling area of jump windows to display the introductory note about the version).Underground version:
Note: the pedagogical version is only available in French.The underground version is a partial version (built up from the French translation by Guérinot) established after an idea of Gilles Deleuze. This version includes only the notes (scholia), i.e. mostly special cases and the polemical contents of the Ethics.Annex documents:
"So there are two Ethics coexisting, one made up of the continuous line or flow of propositions, demonstrations and corollaries, and the other one discontinuous, made up of the broken line, the volcanic chain of notes. One with an implacable rigor represents some kind of terrorism of the mind and progresses from one proposition to the next without any concern for practical consequences, works out its own rules without in the least caring about identifying special cases. The other one collects the indignations of the heart, shows a practical joy and a practical fight against sadness, and expresses itself by saying : "This is the case". In this sense, the Ethics is a double work. It might be interesting to read the second Ethics under the first one by jumping from one note to the next one". (Gilles Deleuze. "Spinoza et le problème de l'Expression", Ed. de Minuit. Extract translated by Phronésis.)
This version tries modestly to grant Deleuze's wish (click on the "Caute" at the beginning of the document to display the note of the version).
Annex documents are the texts available in addition to the various translations of the Ethics and to the special versions. You can access several types of documents:A text by Pierre Christory:
This text describes the problematic relationship between Neoplatonism (particularly Proclus's Elements of Theology) and Spinoza.
A text by Stéphane Bonnet:
This text describes the relationship between Ethics and Politics in the work.
The bibliography includes a series of works relative to Spinoza. It is an international bibliography. This document is introduced by a list of books that refer to the translations available on the CD-ROM.
A statistical document (comparative statistics):
This comparative table proposes a comparison of the vocabulary used in the three French translations of the Ethics (Boulainvilliers, Guérinot and Saisset). It includes four columns. The first column contains all words existing in these three translations of the text. The three next columns contain the number of occurrences of these words in each version. As you will note, certain words very common in a translation do not appear at all in another translation. From any number of occurrences, you can jump back to the Ethics.
Note: the texts written by Pierre Christory and Stéphane Bonnet are only available in French.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF JUMPS
Jumps established by Spinoza
1) Explicit jumps established by Spinoza (immanent jumps) that refer to one or several segments of the Ethics. These jumps appear as blue interactive areas and are recorded in the history.
2) Implicit jumps established by Spinoza (immanent jumps) that refer to one or several segments of the Ethics that need to be defined according to the context (these jumps are often designated using a demonstrative form). Implicit jumps appear as blue interactive areas and are recorded in the history.
3) Jumps established by Spinoza referring to another work of Spinoza. These jumps appear as green dots and are recorded in the history.
4) Jumps established by Spinoza referring to a work from another author : Descartes, Euclid, etc. These jumps appear as green dots and are recorded in the history.
5) Jumps corresponding to a note of Spinoza about the Ethics. These jumps appear as blue asterisks and are recorded in the history.
6) Sound jumps corresponding to immanent jumps referring to single propositions of the Ethics. These jumps appear as a small icon representing a speaker. They are always followed by the corresponding text of the jump : so, you have the possibility to hear or to display it. Sound jumps are recorded in the history with the mention "Renv. sonore".
Jumps not established by Spinoza
1) Jumps referring to another work. Example : St Thomas d'Aquin. These jumps appear as red dots and are not recorded in the history.
2) Jumps to notes written by the Phronésis team. These notes include : observations marking differences between the jumps made by translators, remarks about the consistency of the text or about the destination of implicit jumps. These jumps appear as red dots and are not recorded in the history.
3) Jumps to notes written by the Phronésis team and introducing the different versions. These jumps are materialized by a "Caute" that appears at the beginning of the versions.
4) Jumps to notes written by the Phronésis team about pedagogical points. These jumps are available only in the pedagogical version. They appear as green interactive areas and are not recorded in the history.
5) Jumps to notes written by a translator of the Ethics. These jumps appear as red dots and are not recorded in the history.
6) Jumps to notes written by Colonna d'Istria commenting the Boulainvilliers version. These jumps appear as grey dots and are not recorded in the history.
7) Jumps to drawings that facilitate the understanding of the geometrical examples introduced by Spinoza. These jumps appear as red dots and are not recorded in the history.
Please note that the text of the Ethics includes a great number of jumps. The choice of the display mode (single or double display) determines the position of jumps on screen.
Notes written by the pedagogical team are only available in french. Notes from the authors are not translated.
DISPLAYING A DOCUMENT
You can access all documents available from the left and right combo boxes. The list includes the five versions of the Ethics, with their tables of contents and statistic files, two special versions (Underground version and Pedagogical version) and several annex documents (two philosophical texts, a bibliography and comparative statistics).
CHOOSING THE SINGLE OR DOUBLE DISPLAY MODE
The hypertext tool "Daedalus" is conceived to display the different versions of the Ethics both in single and double display mode.
In single display mode, the documents of "Reading the Ethics" available in the combo-boxes are displayed full-screen.
In double display mode, you can display simultaneously two documents : one in the left part of the screen and the other one in the right part of the screen. For example, when you display simultaneously a translation of the Ethics and a document, you are in double display mode.
DOUBLE DISPLAY (Gebhardt version / Elwes version)
Note: When you are better acquainted with "Reading the Ethics", you will learn how to combine all these functions to choose, compare, confront and develop certain aspects of the Ethics. For example, it may be interesting to display one single version in double display mode (Guérinot on the left and Guérinot on the right) to keep the main text visible during one session. etc. Everyone will adopt their own strategy according to their needs. This freedom of choice is one of the main advantages of "Daedalus".
SINGLE-LEVEL OR CASCADED JUMPS
During a session in single or double display mode, you can choose the way jump windows appear. You can display jumps in one single window. Then you will be able to identify the level of jumps and to read them without "overloading" the screen. You can also choose to reflect the complexity of jumps on screen if you want to navigate through the different levels of the tree-structure.
In single display, jumps appear in a small jump window displayed over the main text (superimposed). In double display mode, if you work on the document displayed on the left side, any jump window corresponding to that document appear over the document displayed on the right side. Inversely, if you work on the document displayed on the right side, any jump window corresponding to that document appear over the document displayed on the left side. So you may read the main text of the Ethics and view the jumps simultaneously.
To use one single jump window :
Open the menu box displayed on the right side of the button bar by clicking on the down arrow and select Single-Level Jumps. The successive levels of jumps will all be displayed in the same window.
SINGLE-LEVEL JUMP (DOUBLE DISPLAY)
To use cascaded jumps:
Open the menu box displayed on the right side of the button bar by clicking on the down arrow and select Cascaded Jumps. Any jump called from one jump window appears in another jump window that overlaps the bottom part of the first one. Cascaded windows are displayed so that the title (indicating the level and the contents of the jump) of each window remains visible. This method allows you to display simultaneously all successive levels of jumps and to obtain a global visual representation of the tree-structure.
CASCADED JUMPS (DOUBLE DISPLAY)
SYNCHRONISING DOCUMENTS (LEFT/RIGHT)
In double display mode, you can scroll independently through the version displayed on the right side. Then, if the argumentative segments displayed on the left and on the right do not match, you can choose to synchronize both documents according to the right side or according to the left side. If you synchronize according to the right side, the text displayed on the left automatically scrolls down or up to the argumentative segment actually displayed in the right side. If you synchronize according to the left side, the text displayed on the right will automatically scroll down or up to the argumentative segment actually displayed in the left side.
To synchronize according to the left side:
In the yellow bar, of the document displayed on the left, click on the small arrow pointing to the right.
To synchronize according to the right side:
In the yellow bar, of the document displayed on the right, click on the small arrow pointing to the left.
SEARCH FUNCTION IN THE VERSIONS
The search function is one of the most useful functions available for researchers. It allows you to search for a word or a sentence in any document, except in the statistical files (a specific search function is available in statistical files), and to know the exact number of occurrences of that word or that sentence.
SEARCHING FOR AN EXPRESSION
You can change (magnify or reduce) the size of the characters displayed on the screen for all documents, except for the statistical files.
The history function allows you to keep a log of your course through the Ethics and between the different versions available, to know the jump levels and to resume a course or to branch off from a saved course.
The source area is the name of the argumentative segment from which you call a jump in the Ethics. For example, in the Proposition 1 of Part I, Spinoza referring to the Definitions 3 and 5 of Part I. The Proposition 1 is the source area of the jump (in the History this source area will appear as : "L1 pro 1"). Do not confuse the destination area that can include several segments and the source area that is always unique.
The destination area is the name of the argumentative segment(s) to which Spinoza is referring in the main text of the Ethics. For example, in the Proposition 1 of Part I, Spinoza is referring to the Definitions 3 and 5 of Part I. The destination area includes the Definitions 3 and 5 (in the History it will appear as : "P1 déf 3 + déf 5"). Do not confuse the source area that is always unique and the destination area that can include several segments.
Statistical files include all words and signs contained in the different versions of the Ethics. Words are ordered alphabetically and the various types of numbering are sent to the end of the list.
Statistical files do not only cover integrally the lexical fields of the different versions ; they also allow you to jump back to the text. Each occurrence of the listed words is interactive and allows you to jump back to the corresponding version of the Ethics.
Search function in statistical files:
Statistical files include a search function that allows you to search for one word without having to scroll through a very long list.
To search for one word, click on the small magnifying glass displayed in the upper right angle of the statistical file window. A small search window appears. Type the chosen word in the entry box and click on OK.
STATISTICAL FILE (2)
STATISTICAL FILE (3)
The annotation function allows you to write your own notes and comments about the Ethics. You can view, save, correct, delete or print these texts as needed. This tool will be useful for the researchers, professors and students who want to study Spinoza's work or compare the different translations.
This function also allows you to write your own translation of the Ethics. In this case, before printing, we advise you to note the name of the version from which you are creating annotations. This will be useful for classifying your documents.
The annotation function is operational both in single display and double display mode.
During a session in "Reading the Ethics", you always have the possibility to print the information displayed on the screen. For example, you can print a screen in double display mode with a series of secondary windows opened in cascade. You can also change the position of these windows before starting the printing.
When you are satisfied with the information displayed, start the printing by clicking on the Print button or by choosing Print Hardcopy in the File menu.
The button "Versions for printing" of the Welcome Page allows you to open the versions available for printing, i.e. the versions fallen in the public domain (Boulainvilliers, Elwes and Saisset), in Word Viewer, a tool that includes all the display and printing functions, but that does not allow edition.
Price of the CD-ROM: 290,00 FF (french francs) plus postage
To purchase the CD-ROM "Reading the Ethics", please contact us or send your order by mail, fax or email, using the following coordinates:PHRONESIS SARL
10, Place Champ Clos
Tél. : (33) 02 96 85 44 37
Fax : (33) 02 96 85 49 67
Email : Phronesis@wanadoo.fr
In the future we shall publish on our Web site a text (in French) written by the designer of "Reading the Ethics" and one of the professors who participated to the project. This texts will try to demonstrate, using the functionalities of "Daedalus", the validity of Gilles Deleuze's thesis, which distinguishes two coexisting Ethics: "one made up of the continuous line or flow of propositions, demonstrations and corollaries", and an underground version , "discontinuous, made up of the broken line, the volcanic chain of notes".